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Mancherial District is carved out of erstwhile Adilabad District. It is surrounded by Asifabad (Komuram Bheem), Adilabad, Nirmal, Jagtial, Peddapalli, Bhoopalapally districts and the Maharashtra state.
The district comprises of 18 mandals and two revenue divisions – Mancherial and Bellampalli. The district headquarters is located at Mancherial town.
As per the 2011 census of India, Mancherial has a population of 89,935. Males constitute 51% of the total population and females 49%. Mancherial has an average literacy rate of 75.71%, higher than the national average: male literacy is 83.16%, and female literacy is 67.92%. In Mancherial, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Mancherial is well connected through its roadways and railways. Mancherial is one of the A category stations of Secunderabad division and Bellampalli is also a major railway station in the region. The SH1, NH63 and Nagpur highway, run through the district, making the entire region well linked. It has one RTC depot at Mancherial.
Historically, Mancherial has been the home of the Gondi people. It was a part of the Adilabad District, which had abundant forest resources but poor communications infrastructure; moreover, it was an area of little economic and political importance. Gonds mainly depended on farming for their livelihoods. After the Singareni Collieries Company coal mines were established in the region, Mancherial became industrialised. During the 1970s, an Industrial training institute was opened in Mancherial.